Cellulose vs. PVA: Which is Best for my Product?

Gilca | 29th April 2022

Wet Cellulose Sponges

Both cellulose and PVA can be used as an absorbent and durable sponge for a range of applications; they are both also classed as biodegradable materials, making them eco-friendly choices. However, when comparing cellulose and PVA sponge, only one is truly organic.

This guide to cellulose Vs PVA takes a closer look to determine which material is the best for your product.

What Is Cellulose and Why Is It Used?

Cellulose is an organic material sourced from plant cell walls. Plants produce cellulose for firmness within their cell structure; this makes the natural form of cellulose great for mimicking sponge.

So, what is a cellulose sponge? Cellulose is manufactured into a sponge through heating and cutting the material to size, with the creation of porous holes inside the material through dissolved salt crystals.

Benefits Of Utilising Cellulose for Sponges

There are several benefits to choosing a cellulose sponge. We’ve highlighted some advantages here:

An Eco-Friendly and Biodegradable Solution

Made completely from organic matter such as plant and wood fibre and salt, a cellulose sponge is completely biodegradable and will not have an adverse effect on the environment when disposed of. This sponge does not need to go to landfill, but if it does, it will simply break down without taking up too much space.
The impact of cellulose sponge biodegradable properties is that it can reduce the carbon footprint of a business or individual, ensuring that sponge which is used on mass will not harm the planet.

Can Be Utilised for A Range of Applications

Cellulose sponge can take on a variety of shapes and sizes, including wet and compressed forms; this means it is used for a range of applications. Cellulose sponge for face care, such as cleansing, exfoliating, and removal of make-up, leaves the face feeling fresh and rejuvenated. Cellulose facial cleaning sponges are great for sensitive skin, being a natural product, which is kind on the skin. Cellulose sponge can also be used for cleaning, medical applications, protection of furniture and other consumer goods in packaging, and for cushioning such as in automotive vehicles.

A Cost-Effective Solution

Many associate biodegradable and organic materials with cost. However, whilst cellulose may cost a little more than the average plastic sponge, its durability, versatility, and availability as a material lowers costs to ensure a cost-effective solution for many businesses. Cellulose sponge can withstand the necessary sanitation to ensure this material can be used for an extended period of time.

PVA: What Is It?

PVA is an abbreviation for polyvinyl alcohol – a synthetic material which has similar properties to a natural sponge. PVA sponge is an open-cell, absorbent material which can be used for cleaning, filter devices, medical applications, and for cosmetic sponges. Like the cellulose sponge, PVA sponge for face care is a soft and flexible material which is not harsh on the skin. PVA foam can further be used for packaging, protecting goods in transportation.

Advantages Of Using PVA For Sponges

PVA sponge is biodegradable, however, since it is made from synthetic plastic materials, it is not as environmentally friendly as cellulose. Though PVA dissolves, making it technically biodegradable, remains of plastic can persevere within our environment. Despite this, PVA sponges do have some advantages, including great water retention and chemical resistance.

When comparing cellulose vs. PVA sponge, both sponges boast of impressive qualities. However, when considering the environmental impact and sustainability of the material, it becomes clear cellulose is superior.

Leaning Towards Using Cellulose Sponges? Discover Why Cosmetics Manufactures Choose to Partner with Gilca by Checking Out Our Complete Guide

See why cosmetics manufacturers are continuing to partner with Gilca by checking out our complete guide here. You can also find out more about Gilca’s range of cellulose products including compressed cellulose and wet cellulose by contacting a member of our experienced team today on +44(0) 121 544 1929 , by sending an email to info@gilca.biz or by using our quick and simple contact form below. We look forward to hearing from you.